Index results suggest government support efforts didn't fully compensate vulnerable households.
Africa Economy News Headlines, Economy Breaking News
Bond yields have returned to near pre-COVID-19 levels and the rand has recovered from record lows, although that recovery remains fragile.
Government seems oblivious to the dangers of letting the genie out of the bottle with its continued sales ban on tobacco products.
The JSE closed higher than in the last nine trading sessions due to the China-led optimism.
The surplus was the first since the first quarter of 2003.
At 0704 GMT, the rand traded at R17.00 versus the dollar, around 0.3% stronger than its previous close.
That would be the deepest quarterly decline since at least 1990.
Bonds were also firmer, with the yield on the benchmark 2030 issue down 2.5 basis points to 9.245%.